lived: 220,000 to 25,500 years ago

brain size: about 1200-1300 cubic centimeters

intelligence: made stone tools, may have had vocal language

largest group size: 140 (estimate)

other: Homo sapiens Neandertalis (Neandertals) lived at the same time as anatomically modern humans, but died out about 25,000 years ago. Why did we survive instead of them? Scientists aren't sure, but some think that it may have been humans' curiosity and want for adventure. (Some scientists also think that Neandertals may have "merged" (mated) with the anatomically modern humans, and therefore think that we have some Neandertal blood in us.)


Ardipithecus | Australopithecus | Homo habilis | Homo erectus | Neandertals | Modern Humans


by Robin Stewart